Nigeria: Human Trafficking Legal Framework

Relevant Legal Framework for HUMAN TRAFFICKING in NIGERIA

  • Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Law Enforcement and Administration Act, 2015
  • Guidelines on National Referral Mechanism for Protection and Assistance to Trafficked Persons in Nigeria (NRM)
  • Child Rights Act, 2003
  • Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) Act (2015)
  • Labour Act (1974)
  • Criminal Code (Sections 223, 224, 365, 366, 369
  • Criminal Code (Amendment) Law, 2000 (Section 223A) (This is the current law in Edo State that will likely soon be repealed and replaced by the new anti-trafficking law which was unanimously adopted by the Edo State House of Assembly on March 14, 2018.  To date, it has not yet been signed into law by Governor Godwin Obaseki.)
  • Penal Code (Sections 275, 278-280)
  • Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 (Sections 17, 34, 42)
  • Immigration Act, 1963 (Section 1, G-H), 2015 + Immigration Regulation, 2017
  • United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
  • United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children (Article 3)
  • United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 2000
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1990
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), 1981 (Article 6)
  • African Charter on Human and People’s Rights (Enforcement) Act, 2004
  • ECOWAS Declaration and Plan of Action Against Trafficking in Persons, 2001
  • Forced Labour Convention (1930)
  • Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
  • Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)

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