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Nigeria Upgraded to Tier 2 on US State Department 2021 TIP Report

July 1, 2021- WASHINGTON, D.C. Earlier today, the United State Department of State released its 2021 Trafficking in Persons Report which ranks countries based on their respective government’s response to human trafficking in the preceding year (2020).

Brief Summary:

In 2019, Nigeria was downgraded to Tier 2 Watch (second to lowest ranking).  However, in light of various strides made despite the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, Nigeria was upgraded to Tier 2.

According to the Report’s Executive Summary on Nigeria: “The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period, considering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its anti-trafficking capacity; therefore Nigeria was upgraded to Tier 2. These efforts included convicting more traffickers and sanctioning the majority of perpetrators with significant prison terms; prosecuting officials suspected of being complicit in trafficking crimes; improving intra-governmental coordination on anti-trafficking operations; launching nine new state task forces; and for the first time, the Ministry of Defense acknowledged service members sexually exploited internally displaced persons (IDPs). Additionally, officials increased collaboration with foreign governments on international trafficking investigations. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. Members of the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF) in Borno State used two children at an IDP camp checkpoint; there continued to be reports of sex trafficking in government-run IDP camps; and officials prosecuted fewer suspected traffickers. Further, corruption remained a significant concern in the judiciary and immigration services, and the Ministry of Defense did not finalize its handover protocol to refer child soldiers to care for the sixth consecutive year.”

Detailed Summary:

The Report’s prioritized recommendations for Nigeria include:

Other highlights from the Report include:

To read the full report on Nigeria, visit:



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